The Przewalski’s Horse, scientifically known as Equus ferus przewalskii, is the last remaining subspecies of wild horse. All other horses are either domesticated or descended from horses which were once domesticated. Also known as Dzungarian horse, its native place is the grasslands and bush-lands of China, central Asia and Mongolia. Once considered as extinct from the world, this is now listed as an endangered species. Before their population declined, it is believed that these horses spanned many regions in Germany, Ukraine, Poland, Belarus, Lithuania, Kazakhstan, Russia, Mongolia, and China.
Przewalski’s horse’s external coat color varies from brown to dun. A dark tail, a dorsal stripe, striped legs, and a dark, short mane is their characteristic feature. The appearance is very much like primitive animals. The legs are shorter as compared to the domestic horses, with large head, short and muscular body. An adult horse stands about 132 cm (4 ft 4 in) high at the shoulders and has a body length of less than 7 ft. The tail only measures close to 3 ft (90 cm) long. Average weight of adults ranges between 550 and 750 pounds. They live in social groups, which consist of a dominant stallion, a dominant mare, and other mares and infants.
The Przewalski’s horse, until 2008, was listed as extinct in the wild by the World Conservation Union’s Red List of Threatened Species. Some expected causes of extinction may be hunting, harsh climate, loss of habitat. However, after successful reintroduction in some places, they are now listed as critically endangered and currently, there are around 1,500 of them living in zoos and breeding facilities (with a free-ranging population of 248 animals in the wild). The world population of these horses seen now is descended from 9 of the 31 horses, which were taken under captivity in 1945.