The Imperial parrot,scientifically known as Amazona imperialis, is an amazon parrot having green-and-purple-plumage. It has many names like the Imperial Parrot, Dominican Amazon, August Amazon, or Sisserou. These species were always scarce, and now this parrot is an endangered species. It is found only in the mountain rainforest of Dominica, in the Leeward Islands. This species is a specially protected bird under the laws of Dominica.
The Imperial parrot stands about 46-50 cm (18-20 inches), and is the largest Amazon parrot. Male and female don’t show sexual dimorphism and are very similar. Green body with purple feathers on the underside and at the head can be observed. This produces a scaly impression in most of its area; and the purple color looks dark when seen in flight. Also red patches on wings are there, which is visible in flight and sometimes when perched. Its legs are grey and bill is relatively dark. In the flight, it makes relatively slow wing movement. The pre-fledging young have less green and eyes are darker brownish-grey unlike the adults who have bright reddish eyes. The nesting place of these parrots is natural cavities in the larger forest trees. Sometime around 2008, it was for the first time observed that one nest occasionally can produce two fledging offspring, violating the rule of one. The diet of this species is more restricted to native plants unlike the Red-necked Parrots, which eat commercial fruits.
Much of the bird’s habitat was destroyed due to logging, hunting for food and sport. This reduced the population up to around 80-120. Hurricane David in 1979 wiped out the population in half of Dominica, and it took 15-20 years before the forest was mature enough for the bird to resettle these areas. A second strong hurricane during such a period would have the potential to wipe out the species.