The humpback whale, scientifically known as Megaptera novaeangliae, is a species of Baleen whale. It belongs to one of the largest Rorquals species. It is an acrobatic animal, often found breaching and slapping the water. Humpbacks inhabit all major oceans, in a wide band running from the Antarctic ice edge to 65° N latitude, though not in the eastern Mediterranean or the Baltic Sea. Humpbacks migrate and spend summers in cool, high-latitude waters. An exception to this rule is a population in the Arabian Sea, which remains in these tropical waters year-round. They are found in oceans and seas around the world and typically migrate up to 25,000 kilometers each year.
An adult Humpback whale ranges in length from 12–16 meters and the weight could be about 36,000 kilograms (79,000 lb). This whale has a distinctive body shape, with unusually long pectoral fins and a knob like head. The species’ diet consists mostly of krill and small fish. They have a diverse way of feeding methods; and feed only in summer, in polar waters, and migrate to tropical or sub-tropical waters to breed and give birth in the winter. Males produce a complex song, which lasts for 10 to 20 minutes and is repeated for hours at a time. The purpose of the song is not yet clear, although it appears to have a role in mating.
Large whales, also the Humpback whale, have been the target for the whaling industry since many decades. Its population fell by an estimated 90% due to that reason. A whaling moratorium introduced in 1966, was successful to stop overhunting. There are at least 80,000 humpback whales worldwide. Once hunted to the brink of extinction, there whale-watchers, which watch these Humpback whales particularly off parts of Australia, New Zealand, South America, Canada, and the United States.